Built in the 9th century during the reign of the Sailendra Dynasty, the temple was designed in Javanese Buddhist architecture, which blends the Indonesian indigenous cult of ancestor worship and the Buddhist concept of attaining Nirvana. The temple also demonstrates the influences of Gupta art that reflects India’s influence on the region, yet there are enough indigenous scenes and elements incorporated to make Borobudur uniquely Indonesian. The monument is both a shrine to the Lord Buddha and a place for Buddhist pilgrimage. The journey for pilgrims begins at the base of the monument and follows a path around the monument and ascends to the top through three levels symbolic of Buddhist cosmology: Kāmadhātu (the world of desire), Rupadhatu (the world of forms) and Arupadhatu (the world of formlessness). The monument guides pilgrims through an extensive system of stairways and corridors with 1,460 narrative relief panels on the walls and the balustrades. Borobudur has the largest and most complete ensemble of Buddhist reliefs in the world.
Evidence suggests Borobudur was constructed in the 9th century and abandoned following the 14th-century decline of Hindu kingdoms in Java and the Javanese conversion to Islam. Worldwide knowledge of its existence was sparked in 1814 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, then the British ruler of Java, who was advised of its location by native Indonesians. Borobudur has since been preserved through several restorations. The largest restoration project was undertaken between 1975 and 1982 by the Indonesian government and UNESCO, following which the monument was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Borobudur is still used for pilgrimage; once a year, Buddhists in Indonesia celebrate Vesak at the monument, and Borobudur is Indonesia’s single most visited tourist attraction. – Source
Borobudur Temple – What to do in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
When it comes to travelling, I don’t like to follow any tour guide. I wanted to enjoy my trip instead of rushing and at the same time in order for me to get a good photo or video, it’s required a lot of time. On my previous trip to Yogjakarta, Indonesia, I manage to visit Borobudur temple. When you talk about Yogjakarta, naturally the main reason for visiting Borobudur is to see the monument features the largest and most complete collection of Buddhist relief sculptures. Another thing that makes this Borobudur temple famous is because of their ancient archaeological sites.
I’m planning to come back again and if you want host me, do let me know.
I was staying at Cakra Kusuma Hotel Yogyakarta and it was like 40km away from the Brobudur Temple and it’s really easy to go by yourself. The hotel staff is friendly and all my requested is fulfilled. You will definitely will find your way. I rented a bike for IDR60,000 (USD6 / RM20) per day. You can ask the hotel to help you arrange the bike rental.
All visitors have to wear a “sarong” and it’s free of charge. Just in case if you don’t know how to tie the “sarong”, there is also someone to help tie.
Borobudur temple fees:
Indonesian local or KITAS card holder : IDR30, 000 (USD3 / RM10)
Foreigner Adult – IDR190, 000 (USD18 / RM55)
Foreigner Student (student card requires) – IDR95, 000 (USD7 / RM30)
Tips: If you can speak well Indonesian language, just bring your international student ID and be confident. Go to the ticketing booth and speak fluent Indonesia language. Tell them you are from Jakarta. I did and I only pay IDR30, 000 (USD3 / RM10)
Never get confused because the entrance to the temple is on the east side while the temple exit is on the north side. Once you get to Borobudur, you will be directed to the tourist entrance. Take note that the entrance fee is admission to two museums on site. I did not visit the museums because I was excited to see Borobudur by the end of the day, I was too tired.
From the main entrance, you have to walk (10-15 minutes) in order for you to reach the main temple. Please make sure you have water and umbrella if necessary.
There are 4 levels and on the lower square platforms. Above the square platforms are 3 more levels of circular platforms.
I enjoyed my visit to Borobudur. I spent about 2 hours walking around the temple and taking pictures. I would recommend that you visit early in the morning.
Built in the 8th century and they still have so many ancient stuff not yet discover. Basically, all of these are the temple stuff. I would say the Borobudur temple is one of Java’s most visited attractions.
Never forget to return your sarong at the exit door and there’s a lot of vendors who selling souvenir. Just get some ready cash and make sure you don’t forget to negotiate. I bought T-shirt for only IDR15, 000 (USD2 / RM5) instead of their “original price” IDR50, 000 (USD4 / RM15)
If you are not rushing, please do a survey. Usually the shop that located nearest to exit door are the most expensive.